OpenStreetMap

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Recent diary entries

Hostal Vista Park, Santa Clara, Cuba, Bed and Breakfast

Posted by Hostal Vista Park on 18 November 2017 in Spanish (Español)

Reservation hostalpark@yahoo.com http://hostalvistapark-cuba.com +53 42 219727 Móvil: +53 52768141 SMS Accommodation is $ 25.00 CUC in high season and low season Breakfast: $5.00 CUC Snacks: $2.00CUC to $4.00CUC Lunches:$10.00 CUC Dinners: $10.00 CUC Tavern: $1.00 – $3.00 CUC Laundry: $1.00 – $5.00 CUC

Santa Clara Cuba Bed and breakfast Hostal Vista Park Hostal Vista Park: the most central colonial hostel in Santa Clara, Cuba. The house has a wonderful eclectic architecture and colonial floors, with a floor to ceiling height of 6 meters, is similar to a small palace composed of six rooms of 25 square meters and a unique view compared to any other hostel in the city. It is the only colonial hostel in the whole city right in the park Vidal de Santa Clara, where visitors from all places, hotels, hostels and guest houses come to this site given the beauty and history of the adjoining buildings of our hostel. It is the colonial house that is located in the heart of Santa Clara, with a classic colonial atmosphere, spacious and airy, in very good condition and comfort, to the right of the provincial library "José Martí", and overlooking the Vidal Park, Close to all cultural centers, where you will have access to the extensive cultural life of the city. The house has a large terrace where you can see the whole panorama of the city, and the oldest clock in the city. All of the city's attractions are within easy reach of our home, banks and ATMs, museums of decorative arts, theater, cinema, nightclubs, all agencies Travel and tourist information are only 100 meters from our house, the mausoleum of Che is 2 kilometers from our house, the armored train at 600 meters. The house has 3 spacious rooms for rent, 30 square meters each. The first bedroom has a double bed and 3 single beds with a capacity for 5 people. The second bedroom has a double bed and three single beds which can accommodate up to 5 people. The third bedroom has two double beds and a sofa bed. Can be for 5 people for a total of 15 people and 11 beds in 3 bedrooms, you can host groups of friends and families is cheaper than other houses as the rooms are very spacious and can choose instead of two rooms can select one , Whether friends or family, also has the privilege that is in the area of wireless Internet wi-fi and can access it from the balconies or rooms, because it is located in the area of the park Vidal, also the rooms have Air conditioning, refrigerators, televisions, fans and natural ventilation, balconies overlooking the park Vidal, one of the rooms is on the terrace where you can Observe the whole city. Each room has a private bathroom with hot and cold water. In addition to 2 rooms with balcony, where you can observe the daily life of the city, you can also sunbathe on the terrace. We offer breakfast and dinner, in-room bar service, among many others. Leoncio Vidal # 1 high, between Parque Vidal (Gloria) and Maceo Street, Santa Clara, Cuba, 50100 In the central park of the city of Santa Clara, to the right of the library José Martí

Location: Capiro, Escambray, Santa Clara, Villa Clara, 50110, Cuba

Metro Mapping Proposal (and what's wrong with proposals)

Posted by Zverik on 18 November 2017 in English (English)

Hi. I'd like to ask you to the Metro Mapping proposal page, read it in full and leave your vote below. The proposal mostly summarises subway and light rail mapping practices and introduces a few useful changes, listed in "What This Affects" section.

You will find many opposing votes there. You might be tempted to read only these comments and skip studying the material. It is simpler, and some of the authors are well-known in the community: they must know what they are talking about, right? And there are 8 screens of text, who would read that?

That is what I don't like in the current proposal system. It does not matter what the proposal actually contains, how deep an author knows the topic or if the features in questions are already mapped in a suggested way. What a great power you have when the voting starts — strike out weeks of work by writing a few words! You must be a fool not to excercise that power. And who knows what might happen if the proposal is approved? Everybody understands you cannot edit a wiki page after that. You would need to write your own proposal, and it might be rejected, so it is safer to just oppose.

For the first time in OpenStreetMap history I started actually using the data to route users through subways. And found out the tagging is insufficient: there was no sane way to map interchanges, and you could put thousands of members into some relations. For a mapper things also looked bleak: to map a subway properly, you would have to know how underground tracks go, and where underground platforms are located. No wonder that a beta version of a validator showed that the world had like three subway systems mapped good enough, out of nearly two hundred.

So I've put up this proposal page, that makes mapping subways simpler, and makes using the data easier. You could learn some things from it you've never thought about, like types of interchanges or the importance of colours. Then I wrote about the proposal to tagging@ and talk@ mailing lists, and in the course of a month got many great comments, that helped polish most sections, and rewrite some from scratch, adding more pictures and replacing blocks of texts with simple lists.

I have also finished my subway validator, that not only validates, but prepares data structures for metro routing and rendering. With it, I have been tidying up subways all over the world, finding a few flaws in the proposals, but mostly learning about regional specifics. I've done Moscow, London, Paris, Berlin (both U-Bahn and S-Bahn), Yokohama, Algiers, Lima, Pyongyang and dozens more cities. Their subways conform to the proposal, and I have not broken any external app that used these, or uploaded any extra tag. Well, except network:metro in Germany, since they have an interesting way of tagging networks (thanks Nakaner for the explanations).

With over 60 metro networks mapped, dozens of questions answered, most of which affected the proposal, after discussions in wiki, talk@, tagging@ and in changesets, I decided that the proposal is ready and started the voting. For a moment I thought the OSM community was reasonable. It's like in my seven years I haven't learned anything. Not after the turn lanes proposal, not after hate messages about the water=* proposal, five years after it's approved, not after stalled pull requests to the OSM website.

Very few people in OSM are willing to compromise. Especially people from Western Europe, who think they own the project. Because you cannot edit a wiki page without a proposal, I assume. Because no matter how many suggestions you've accepted, layer=-3 instead of -2 makes the whole work moot. It would ruin the PTv2 schema. Because despite "discussions on the Talk page" policy, when the voting starts, you can write a page of opposing arguments right into the proposal page, and nobody would turn to the Talk page to read answers, not even the person who wrote the arguments. Because it is easier to oppose than to approve: all arguments are already laid out for you, and finding answers to these in a 56-kilobyte Talk page is too hard. For one person, it's because I should have discussed the proposal in his 3-messages-a-month mailing list, not in talk@ and tagging@.

You don't even have to understand PTv2 schema to vote for its extension. Like people who +1'd the Carto'Cité comment about stations as nodes and did not even click on the Metros link to see that OSM wiki had already told everyone to map stations just as nodes. OSM is told to be a do-ocracy, but work does not matter anywhere here. You might have studied prior art and mapped hundreds of networks, but Carto'Cité has an authority over french mappers, so you bet all of them will come and vote against your proposal, even understanding that their arguments have nothing to do with the proposal and are inspired by a potential breakage of some of their inner closed-source tools. By the way, we've talked that over, I've converted the whole Paris subway network to the new way, and nothing broke.

The voting closes in a week, and there are more opposing votes than approving. Of course it would not matter after I have finished my work on tidying up metro systems: the changes will just go into wiki with the "not approved, but widely used" status, like highway=milestone. To help novices understand mapping subways, some of us will direct them to this possibly failed proposal, because the wiki has — and will have — nothing better. The only outcome of failing the proposal will be my continuing frustration of interacting with the OSM community.

So please, if you care about our data not only conforming to some proposals accepted 6 years ago without practical usage, but also being relatively easy to use, please go to the Metro Mapping proposal page and leave your approval. I assure you the OSM database won't go down in flames after that. Thanks.

แผนที่

Posted by nopporn แก้วไพร on 18 November 2017 in Thai (ไทย)

ประเทศไทย

Location: สมุทรสาคร, จังหวัดสมุทรสาคร, ประเทศไทย

Grand ménage en cours sur le réseau de Bus de Cannes

Posted by Djam on 18 November 2017 in French (Français)

Le réseau de bus de Cannes était assez obsolète dans OSM. Le réseau Palm Bus a été fortement remanié il y a plus d'un an maintenant. Quelques modifications majeures (Lignes Palm Express) sont maintenant à jour, les arrêts sont en cours de révision.

Un wiki de suivi de l'avancement des lignes de bus du réseau d'agglomération, mais aussi de tout le département a été mis en place.

Location: Les Jardins de Babylone, Pierre Longue, Cannes, Grasse, Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France métropolitaine, 06414, France

Vicent's Diary

Posted by mgema on 18 November 2017 in English (English)

For the first time, I became engaged in mapping training that was conducted by Ms Janet Chapman in January 2017, while before that I had no any idea about mapping and I sought several times what ways can I do to ensure that at least I am able to create one map about the districts, wards and villages where we are working with communities here in Shinyanga region. Exposure to the "OpenStreetMap" was a bit a solution and a new downy to me and helped us at least to come out with some of points where social services are located which currently we use for referral and support of our target groups. Additionally, mapping by using mobile phones (smartphone) became to simplify the exercise and I was able to map a lot of points within the same time and uploads the data. However, this I consider it to the great opportunity for me, community and national at large for locating various points including social services, buildings, infrastructure networks, landscapes and existence of various natural resources.

Location: Shinyanga, Shinyanga Urban, Shinyanga, Tanzania

OpenStreetMap Carto release v4.5.0

Posted by kocio on 17 November 2017 in English (English)

Dear all,

Today, v4.5.0 of the openstreetmap-carto stylesheet (the default stylesheet on openstreetmap.org) has been released.

Changes include:

Major changes

  • Cleaning up low zoom levels (z5-z7):
    • Rendering roads from z6 instead of z5
    • Rendering national parks from z8 instead of z7
    • Rendering railways from z8 instead of z7
  • Changing parking color from yellow to gray

Changes

  • Unified rendering of leisure=fitness_station and leisure=fitness_centre
  • Rendering of military=bunker
  • Rendering all station buildings as major buildings
  • Text wrapping for station labels
  • Changing windmill color from amenity brown to man_made gray
  • Some other documentation and code changes

Thanks to all the contributors for this release.

For a full list of commits, see https://github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto/compare/v4.4.0...v4.5.0

As always, we welcome any bug reports at https://github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto/issues

MAPPING FOR REFUGEE SETTLEMENTS IN UGANDA

Posted by klain890 on 17 November 2017 in English (English)

An escalation of violence in South Sudan since July 2016 has led to a large population movement into the north of neighboring Uganda. An estimated rate of between 2,000 and 3,000 displaced persons cross the border into Uganda each day. In a rapidly developing situation such as this, it is vital that accurate and up-to-date mapping information is available to allow the ERU to respond more effectively and efficiently.

On that note am glad to be contributing to this project. forexample

Mapping against Malaria Elimination

Posted by klain890 on 17 November 2017 in English (English)

I have had a chance to contribute to mapping against malaria campaign, through mapathons and in my personal free time. And during this campaign have been able to contribute in different countries of Africa and south Asia. Namely, Mali, Laos, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Lesotho, Cambodia.

During this time I managed to be part of the top contributors (4th) and also managed to contribute on a single project 840 tiles as a milestone. This has been one of my drives to keep contributing as I feel happy giving a hand where I can. You can watch this 4minutes video that I made to teach how to map buildings in Mali Click here

For more of details about my contribution to Mapping against Malaria Elimination

OSM IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Posted by klain890 on 17 November 2017 in English (English)

Abstract

This is a project that was pioneered by the leadership of 2016/17 Good Mappers as a YouthMappers Chapter at Busitema University. The Chapter looked at how they can involve the community around them to know what they do, thus teaching OSM to Students of Secondary schools so that by the time they join University they can contribute to the cause and also apply the knowledge they learn in real life due to their young and creative minds.

I became involved in the project by first surveying the surrounding community for potential environment to be able to TeachOSM. Looking at Internet Access, having a computer Laboratory as these would aid the performance of the project.

We were able to narrow down to Tororo Girls School as our first secondary school for the project before we can venture to other surrounding secondary schools.

Currently we carry out weekly training at the school with the help of the ICT department and Geography Department of the School.

For more about the project please follow this link

Building 2020

Posted by khartley on 16 November 2017 in English (English)

Currently working with Canadian universities and manitoba GIS users group on the building 2020 initiative.

Had the Canadian team make a task manager from Winnipeg - http://tasks.osmcanada.ca/project/89 Next up building footprints (then addresses!!)

Nepal

Posted by Adrie Sonke on 16 November 2017 in Dutch (Nederlands)

Vandaag 3 tasks gevalideerd. Steeds dezelfde fouten waargenomen, niet rechthoekige gebouwen of zo maar wat gedaan. Mogelijk te moeilijk om te meten. Heb geprobeerd de tasks volledig af te werken.

Saindo de Brasília-DF para Açailândia-MA.

Posted by Miguel Conceicao on 16 November 2017 in Brazilian Portuguese (Português do Brasil)

Prezados, boa tarde! Como está a BR que vai de Brasília - DF, para Açailândia - MA, quem tiver informação por gentileza compartilha.

Location: Chácaras Ypiranga, Valparaíso de Goiás, Microrregião do Entorno de Brasília, Região Integrada de Desenvolvimento do Distrito Federal e Entorno, Mesorregião Leste Goiano, Goiás, Região Centro-Oeste, Brasil

Nova camada de ruas do IBGE para Salvador

Posted by wille on 16 November 2017 in Brazilian Portuguese (Português do Brasil)

Salvador é uma cidade bem difícil de se mapear. A cidade cresceu desordenadamente, com uma quantidade imensa de morros, favelas, ruas estreitas, becos, vielas... Além disso, o relevo é muito acidentado e faltam dados públicos.

A camada "IBGE - Mapa de Setores Urbanos" ajudava a obter nomes de ruas em alguns locais, porém o alinhamento tá bem ruim em muitos locais e faltam muitos nomes de ruas.

exemplo camada

Assim, há alguns dias eu criei uma camada com nomes de ruas da cidade de Salvador/BA, utilizando como fonte o dataset de Faces de Logradouro do IBGE. Essa camada não é perfeita (já percebi alguns erros de traçado de ruas e muitos nomes duplicados), porém, no geral, tem uma qualidade bem superior à antiga camada.

Esse recurso já está disponível no index de camadas do iD e JOSM. Veja onde você encontra a camada no iD:

ativar no iD

Quero expandir a camada para Lauro de Freitas e talvez alguns outros municípios da Região Metropolitana de Salvador. Caso alguém queira ter esse recurso para alguma outra cidade cuja camada de Setores Urbanos do IBGE está com má qualidade, me avise que posso fazer.

Em breve, pretendo publicar o código fonte que usei para tratar os dados e enviá-los para o Mapbox Studio.

Location: Barra, Salvador, Microrregião de Salvador, Região Metropolitana de Salvador, Mesorregião do Recôncavo baiano, Bahia, Região Nordeste, 40140241, Brasil

Das ist neu, da muss mein Name ran

Posted by R0bst3r on 16 November 2017 in German (Deutsch)

Kennt ihr das Phänomen auch, dass neue Dinge, viele Mapper anziehen, z.B. Straßen?

  • Der 1. mappt die Planung, so wie er es verstanden hat.
  • Der 2. ändert die Baustelle, so wie er es im veröffentlichten Plan gesehen hat.
  • Der 3. ändert die Baustelle, so wie er es vor Ort gesehen hat.
  • Der 4. ändert die Baustelle, so wie es schönt aussieht auf der Karte.
  • Der 5. mappt die fertige Straße, nach eigener Meinung.
  • Der 6. ändert die fertige Straße, nach altem Luftbild.
  • Der 7. mappt die Straße nach eigenem GPS.
  • Der 8. ändert die Straße nach eigener Auslegung.
  • Der 9. ändert die Straße nach öffentlichem, eigenen GPS.
  • Der 10. ändert die Straße, nach einem altem GPS.
  • Der 11. ändert die Straße, so wie es schön aussieht auf der Karte.

... Fortsetzung folgt bestimmt!

Sicher, kann man schon mal im Eifer etwas verschlimmbessern, aber besonders die Änderungen ohne Fakten, könnte man sich meist sparen, wenn man sich mal die Historie der Dinge etwas anschauen würde. Ein Großteil dieser Änderungen nach eigenem Ermessen waren in diesem Fall nämlich eher schädlich, was bestimmt so nicht gewollt war.

Ich kann nur zu etwas mehr Gelassenheit raten, man muss nicht überall als letzter Mapper dranstehen! Vorherige Mapper haben manchmal wirklich gute Gründe etwas so einzutragen wie es ist.

Dymaxion Globe backlighted

Posted by smaprs on 15 November 2017 in English (English)

Dymaxion Globe, finally backlighted version (A3 paper size and acetate sheet, handcrafted).
I know, not 100% ok. First try.

Location: Praia de Belas, Sede, Porto Alegre, Microregion of Porto Alegre, Metropolitan Region of Porto Alegre, Metropolitan Mesoregion of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, South Region, Brazil

Position statement for the December 2017 board election

Posted by joost schouppe on 15 November 2017 in English (English)

This is my position statement for the December 2017 board election.

Where I'm coming from

Since joining OpenStreetMap, I’ve found myself on a slippery slope of ever stronger engagement to the project. Not only have I been mapping at least every other day, I’ve grown into being a community organizer. At first I was mostly interested in South America, where it felt like OSM has a much larger niche to fill than in Europe. I didn't start off as an open source and open data enthusiast, but as someone crazy about maps. As a sociologist and data analyst I was fascinated by the data and the people behind it. I liked the way OpenStreetMap could solve real problems, and enjoyed being part of those solutions. Riding on the tails of Jorieke Vyncke (current Missing Maps coordinator) and Ben Abelshausen (awesome OSM routing developer and tireless organizer), it always seemed logical that we should build the map together.

Building OpenStreetMap Belgium, we worked with crafty local mappers, while supporting like-minded people around the world. We helped the development of what tools we could make with our local community, instead of complaining about the lack of global solutions. We had beers (and tea) together, to put faces to the usernames. We worked on humanitarian mapping to build consciousness about the project and to create a network of volunteers. We worked with open data - as just another tool to improve OSM. We worked with local government and other organizations to increase our visibility - using their networks for exposure, instead of having to build one from scratch. We worked on larger events - they would have been a failure without Ben’s sense of responsibility and the network of volunteers we grew during the mapathons. We worked on our online presence, with a nice website, a single point of contact for questions about OSM in Belgium, a newsletter. Finally, we are finalizing becoming a local chapter. We felt how more and more people started taking the project seriously.

This approach has been quite successful, and I would like to apply that experience to the entire project. It means focusing on growing the number of volunteers and letting them grow in their roles. It means sharing the work as much as possible, but still make sure things get done. I think I have been instrumental in that process, and I believe I could help the OSMF realize more of its plans. That’s why I am a candidate for the Board Elections.

Priorities as a Board Member

As an OSMF Board Member, I would devote most of my energy to growing the community. For me that means supporting local volunteers - which is why I am enthousiastic and impatient about microgrant and local chapter and event support plans. There are many relatively simple things that could help community builders everywhere (here's a collection of ideas I worked on). As a board member I would focus on finding more such ideas - and turning them into realities. That would need growing the OSMF and the Working Groups, finding more people to share the work. And it requires helping the OSM community be a more friendly place - not just a fun place to map, but also a fun group to be part of.

  1. Developing local communities. We should try to offer more to local organizers. Some basic tools and functionalities, maybe a network for best practices. Local mappers should have more tools available to monitor the successes and failures in their community. We need those organizers to come to SotM, even if they can’t afford to (and offer our help actively). At SotM, full focus on local successes and failures should be obvious. A small amount of money can go a long way - we could do more to help.

  2. OpenStreetMap needs as diverse people as possible. We should take the time to think about solutions, even if they seem to be impossible.

    • How can we reach more non-English speakers, and how do we break the dominance of those that are fluent in English? In Belgium, a third language was part of the solution to surmount the language divide between French and Dutch speakers. But even so, we noticed we were excluding those who weren’t so good at foreign languages. So we include all three languages - it’s a lot of work, but it is necessary.
    • Communication isn’t just about languages, but also about bridging the gap between cultures. We should be aware of the gaping holes in our understanding of each other, be it based on education, culture or gender. We should be more active in helping people learn to do this, and avoid pointless arguing, especially on media that encourage that.
    • Even though OSM is a deadly serious thing, we should never forget that people contribute because it’s fun. A new mapper picks it up because they enjoy fixing that first mistake. Just as important is that an advanced mapper can keep enjoying the hard work they do. It should be just as enjoyable to become more active in the community.
  3. We should realize we don’t know ourselves all that well. Still we have endless discussions based on assumptions, or just our own personal experience. To have more meaningful discussions, we need more facts. That means more analysis and research on how we function as a community. There are plenty of researchers both within and outside our community who are interested, let’s talk to them. My work experience might help here, as I work in government data research, mainly turning data into into actionable info. Between the mapping and organizing, I've devoted a lot of time to OpenStreetMap analysis (see my profile for an overview), I intend to expand that and actively work on the relation between OSM and science.

  4. We should be aware of the risk of running out of steam. Every year, most people who picked up mapping, stop mapping. That’s normal, but it also means we need to keep growing in order to survive. The same people who enjoyed mapping from a blank slate, might not be the people who enjoy fixing mistakes or adding ever smaller details. We need to keep looking for new ways to engage people, to spot the new use cases that were unrealistic dreams just a few years ago. At the OSMF Board, we should actively seek out new use cases for OSM, especially if they have the potential to grow the mapping community.

That said, I don’t think we should change all that much. We are rightly proud of being able to achieve so much with so little structure. We should not sacrifice our criticism or our open way of working in exchange for anything else. There are almost always win-win compromises possible. It’s just a matter of creativity and good will to find them. There is still an enormous potential for growing our community. Most people still haven’t heard about us. As the project matures, many use cases are only now becoming possible. Many minds are only now opening up to the option of open collaboration. We can grow, and we can do it together.

For more about how we’re building OSM Belgium, check out OSM.be

For more about me, check out my OSM profile

What is coming in Vespucci 0.9.10?

Posted by SimonPoole on 15 November 2017 in English (English)

With the last release 0.9.9 running nice and stable and the monthly updates to it contain mostly updated presets and imagery configurations, it is time to give you a preview of what I've been working on for 0.9.10.

Vespucci has long highlighted objects that had fixme tags and streets that are missing name tags, the code for this goes back to 2010, long before that was considered award worthy.

Over the years we have added support for warnings from Osmose and OSM Notes, making it easy to spot issues that might need work. In 0.9.9 I added preliminary support for highlighting objects that haven't been checked for a longer time.

But it is undoubtedly true that with OSM data becoming denser and denser and in many areas near complete it is non-trivial to find objects that need your attention..

Enter C-Mode

The solution to this has two components:

A mode that only shows elements that have warnings.

And re-factored validation code that adds user configurable tests for missing tags and makes the resurvey warning time fully configurable (additional tests are easy to add in the new code and more will be added before release).

The missing tag check works together with the preset system, to generate a warning an object needs to be both missing the tag, and the matching preset needs to contain it too.

This means that if, for example, you want to highlight missing "name" tags you don't need to specify a long list of which objects really need that tag, it is enough that the preset suggests that a name tag should be added to the object.

This does have a slight downside in that the quality of the presets is key to this working well, and one of the reasons that the presets have received a lot of attention over the last couple of months (and that extends to JOSM too, see for example https://josm.openstreetmap.de/ticket/15143 ).

But the key point is that you can configure which keys you consider important and which not.

An early beta build of 0.9.10 is available https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B9pKLmh8s1h8bFI5bGd4VnhYWkk?usp=sharing a version signed with our release key will likely be available from google play store in one to two weeks.

美国之行

Posted by 心中有你 on 15 November 2017 in Chinese (China) (‪中文(中国大陆)‬)

10.29

Location: 航管南路, 朝阳区, 北京市, 101312, 中国

Los mejores consejos para la decoración del hogar

Posted by mariagarciadeco on 14 November 2017 in Spanish (Español)

Independientemente de tu lugar de residencia, ya sea España, Francia, Reino Unido, China o EEUU, siempre buscamos el equilibrio en la decoración del hogar.

Al mejorar la decoración del hogar, podrás sentirte mucho mejor en tu espacio e intimidad, lo que ayuda a afrontar aspectos de la vida de manera más optimista y en equilibrio. Desde que los humanos comenzamos a vivir en 4 paredes y no en la intemperie, se han buscado distintas maneras de cambiar y mejorar el ambiente interior. Esto ha ocasionado un intercambio global de ideas, conceptos y materiales que pueden expandir las posibilidades para que nuestro hogar refleje lo que somos y la forma en que pensamos en armonía.

La creación de espacios adecuados ya sea en la decoración del baño, cocina o salón puede ayudar a aportar un mejor bienestar en las personas tanto físico como emocional y psicológico. Desde la selección de la gama cromática, las texturas, el estilo de muebles y accesorios, cada uno formará parte de la esencia o del resultado que se quiere obtener para lograr una armonía en el hogar. La armonía del hogar se puede obtener haciendo una cuidadosa selección de elementos para que exista un equilibrio y coherencia en cada área de la casa.

A lo largo de la historia, las personas de todo el mundo han superado todo tipo de obstáculos, pero jamás se ha dejado de lado la decoración de los espacios por más humilde que puedan ser, la decoración puede estar presente desde la más sencilla aldea hasta en la mansión más costosa.

Location: La Renegà, Oropesa del Mar, Plana Alta, Castellón, Comunidad Valenciana, 12594, España

مسجد

Posted by eheush on 14 November 2017 in Arabic (العربية)

معاذ بن جبل

Location: فوة, حضرموت, اليمن